HAND - FORGING
Rings made from flat stock are hammered over the horn of the anvil to shape them. The ends are scarfed on the horn and lapped the proper distance; then a heat is taken, and the ring welded
Fig. 4.0. Ordinary Ring Welding
and rounded into shape. A ring may be made by scarfing the ends of the bar before it is turned in ring form, but this is seldom necessary.
Another kind of ring welding is to turn an eye or ring on the end of a bar. To do this the bar is heated at the end, drawn square to a point,