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Hand Forging by Thomas F. Googerty

Blacksmithing, FORGING, ball-peen, hand, hammers, hardies, anvil, tool steel, square, round, punches, hot chisels, hexagon, chipping, hot iron, sledge, tools, hammered, Anvil tools, striking
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p.38 HAND-FORGING working toward the end of the handle before it jumps off. There should be three ball-peen hand hammers for forging, weighing 1 lb., l-1/2 Ib. and 2 lb., respectively ; also two hardies to fit the square holes in the anvil, forged from l-1/4in. square tool steel, one for cutting cold iron and the other, a little thinner, for cutting hot iron. There must be a few square and round hand punches made from %-in. and %-in. tool steel, drawn out tapering, and some long, thin hot chisels 12 in. long made from 5/8-in. and 3/4-in. hexagon tool steel, to be used for chipping off pieces from hot iron. When in need of special tools they should be made and a place provided in which to keep them. Tools that are to be struck on with a sledge should not be forged too heavy. It takes a much harder blow on a heavy tool than on a lighter one. Then, too, light tools can be handled more quickly, and the work can be finished with them better and easier. All kinds of forgings should first be hammered with the hand hammer and sledge when possible. Anvil tools should not be used to draw out stock by striking on them with a sledge, for this wears out the tools, and the same work can be done as well with sledge and hammer. Tools of this kind are used only to smooth and finish work. Occasionally it may be necessary to use them in

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