Photos provided by Macdara ÓhUallacháin Graham digitally processed by Jock Dempsey
These small anvils were hand forged from the primitive steel of the era, hand filed to a fine finish and heated treated.
The decorative filing (whitesmith work) is beautifully executed on this tool.
The Stubs company, famous for their files, was a dealer who had many tools made in small cottage workshops.
Stubs often provided the steel to part time makers who produced tools in the winter and farmed in the summer.
LEFT: The small 1 mm (1/32 to 1/16") punching hole tapers open at the bottom so slugs will fall out and tools do not get stuck.
This is still the standard on modern jewelers anvils.
Macdara ÓhUallacháin Graham is an artist jeweler and blacksmith from Armagh, Ireland.
In chapter 12 of James Nasmyth's autobiograhpy he discusses his visit to Stubbs about 1834 and Stubbs use of cottage industry.
The area of Warrington where Stubb's was located had many craftsmen decended from the Normans.
Stubbs noted that many of the peculiar names for tools and implements were traceable to old Norman-French words.